A critical mass is an amount of fissile material, such as plutonium, containing enough mass to start a neutron chain reaction [Murray, ].
In this review I will achieve the following two goals: Plan of Action This section presents my plan for obtaining the objectives discussed in the previous section. Assess what you believe is missing and state how previous research has failed to adequately examine the issue that your study addresses.
Be sure to note how your proposed study builds on previous assumptions about the research problem. The long-term nuclear waste storage facility needs to remain stable for at least 10, years to allow the radioactive isotopes to decay to natural levels [Clark, ]. As far as location, a waste site cannot be in an area with a large population or near a ground water supply.
According to the Department of Energy DOEa repository for high-level radioactive waste must meet several criteria including safety, location, and economics [Roush, ].
A proposal should contain all the key elements involved in designing a completed research study, with sufficient information that allows readers to assess the validity and usefulness of your proposed study. This discussion will not include many statistics on the predictions of earthquakes, because at present there just haven't been enough successful predictions to validate these types of statistics.
The San Francisco earthquake and the Kwanto earthquake were two of the most famous and devastating earthquakes of this century.
Scientific American Library, There are many questions regarding the safety of the Yucca Mountain waste repository. In my review, I will relate how the three geophysical precursors relate to the five stages of an earthquake and how well this relation can be used to predict the oncoming fault rupture.
The second goal of my research is to show what happens to each of these precursors during the five stages of an earthquake. Cite, so as to keep the primary focus on the literature pertinent to your research problem. Why is the topic important?
Their institution may assess its own indirect costs and those will also need to be included in your budget request to the funding agency. The purpose is to reflect upon gaps or understudied areas of the current literature and describe how your proposed research contributes to a new understanding of the research problem should the study be implemented as designed.
On February 4,the Chinese issued a warning that an earthquake would strike Haicheng within 24 hours [Bolt, ]. Bibliography Definition The goal of a research proposal is to present and justify the need to study a research problem and to present the practical ways in which the proposed study should be conducted.
Using geophysical precursors, the Chinese have predicted more than ten earthquakes with magnitudes greater than 5. It is like an outline of the entire research process that gives a reader a summary of the information discussed in the project.
Where appropriate, state not only what you will study, but what is excluded from the study. Other predictions have turned out to be false warnings.
The formal presentation will be on October 27, and the formal report will be completed by December 5. Cited works should always use a standard format that follows the writing style advised by the discipline of your course [i.
In addition, there are dozens of books and articles available in the library. The stir caused by theory suggests that researchers have not explored all sides of the safety issue concerning potentially hazardous situations at Yucca Mountain.
Objectives I propose to review the available literature about using Yucca Mountain as a possible repository for spent nuclear fuel. References Clark, Raymond L.
In what way do individuals or groups benefit should your study be pursued? Transforming Teaching and Learning. The formal presentation will be on October 27, and the formal report will be completed by December 5. This may mean doing some preliminary experiments in order to obtain data that clearly demonstrate that your ideas will work.
Bloomsbury Academic,pp. Will the results influence policy decisions?
Should I not be able to find that information, I will modify the scope of my research accordingly. According to the Department of Energy DOEa repository for high-level radioactive waste must meet several criteria including safety, location, and economics [Roush, ].
Be specific about the methodological approaches you plan to undertake to obtain information, the techniques you would use to analyze the data, and the tests of external validity to which you commit yourself [i. Research Methodology This section should outline your plan of attack.
These engineering students already know that earthquakes are devastating. Because I already possess several books and articles on earthquake prediction, most of my time will be spent sifting through the information, finding the key results, and presenting those results to the audience.Created by a UConn Writing Center Science Liaison Writing a Scientific Research Proposal A research proposal has three main points: 1) research a proposal is the means by which funding is secured.
Research_Proposal_Writing. Beginning the Proposal Process. As with writing a regular academic paper, research proposals are generally organized the same way throughout most social science disciplines. Contents: Proposal #1 Proposal #2.
Proposal Links: Proposals Proposal Request Proposal Checklist UER. Before an article, report, or brief is accepted into the Undergraduate Engineering Review, the author must first submit a proposal that specifies the importance of the research, the scope and limitations of the research, and the methods for the research.
There are two kinds of research proposals: and his/her research team is/are the right group of individuals to carry out and accomplish the work described in the research proposal.
Typical Proposal Format. This ancillary section should be used only to provide secondary information that is relevant to the research project.
For example, if. This case example shows how little magazine publishing is arguably a literary art. Hard Science Abstracts This research will provide valuable information regarding the biogeography of defense and address the role of fire in plant-mammal interactions on a continental scale.
The goal of a research proposal is to present and justify the need to study a research problem and to present the practical ways in which the proposed study should be conducted.
The design elements and procedures for conducting the research are governed by standards within the predominant discipline.Download